Out of thousands of lakes in the glaciated landscapes of the Canadian Shield, the color and size of Sandy Lake attracted the attention of an astronaut flying over on the International Space Station. Located in a remote region of northwest Ontario (north-northeast of Winnipeg), the lake and its milky, mocha-colored neighbors lie within a zone known as the “Clay Plains.” Fine clay sediment was long ago laid down here in the beds of glacial lakes (such as Lake Agassiz) during the retreat of North America’s continental ice sheet.
Those old sediments now add color to Sandy Lake, Finger Lake, and Rathouse Bay. Many lakes in this region are so shallow that sediment from the lake floor is easily stirred up by currents and wind. Sediment with the strongest coloring, especially along the northeast shore of Finger Lake, is also delivered by small rivers. Sandy Lake and its neighbors are larger than other lakes because they lie on the major Severn River drainage line that flows to Hudson Bay.
Some of the smaller, surrounding lakes (such as Peekwachana) are very dark by comparison because they do not have muddy sediment suspended in the water.
Logging north of Sandy Lake has created a lighter green, straight-edged zone in Opasquia Provincial Park. With one road into the area—and it is only open for about six weeks during winter—the region relies on aircraft transport. Small, fly-in communities can be identified by their airfields (which are easier to spot in the large, downloadable image).
Astronaut photograph ISS052-E-12924 was acquired on June 7, 2017, with a Nikon D4 digital camera using a 170 millimeter lens, and is provided by the ISS Crew Earth Observations Facility and the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, Johnson Space Center. The image was taken by a member of the Expedition 52 crew. The image has been cropped and enhanced to improve contrast, and lens artifacts have been removed. The International Space Station Program supports the laboratory as part of the ISS National Lab to help astronauts take pictures of Earth that will be of the greatest value to scientists and the public, and to make those images freely available on the Internet. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Caption by Justin Wilkinson, Texas State University, JETS Contract at NASA-JSC.